In the religious sense, Islam means submission to the will of Allah and obedience to His law. By submitting to Allah we are at peace knowing that Allah is all one needs as he is the Creator, the Sustained and the Protector of all creation.
To be a Muslim similarly means the loving submission to Allah.
The religion of Islam is based on Quran and Sunnah (meaning the teachings of the prophet Muhammad ﷺ). Within the Sunnah we also have the Shariah (Islamic Laws).
Islam can be described very basically in two sentences
- Allah as the creator of all things
- Allah’s Creation
This then can be further broken down in its simplest form:
- Recognition that Allah is the One and Only God
- That Allah is the creator of everything
- To be Grateful to Allah
- Obedience to Allah
- Allah’s Creation
- To be Good (be nice) to all of Allah’s Creation
- To be fair. Even if you have an enemies, you do not need to be nice to them but you have to be fair with them.
The best of people are those who are both good to people and animals and are also fair.
Each one of these points are of course very broad and its full explanation can be covered at length.
Islam is not just a religion but a way of life. Islam teaches us a balance way of life that encompasses obedience to the Allah and to ones parents, continuous remembrance of Allah in everything we do, riotousness, forgiveness towards others, morality, cleanliness, moderation in everything we do, kindness to others, respect for all creation, to be honest, just and fair in all dealings, to be constantly aware of the misguidance of Iblees (satan), to establish regular prayer and seek the forgiveness of Allah and to assist the poor and needy.
It is found that Islam is probably the most well documented religion of the 21st century with its lineage tracing right back to the Prophet Muhammed ﷺ. It is also found that Muhammad’s ﷺ life is similarly the most well documented of any prophet and preserved with scholars through the centuries ensuring the facts are preserved and authenticated with the likes of the above collections and many others.
One of the most important aspects of Islamic belief is to ensure facts are authentic and the teachings of the prophet Muhammad ﷺ is preserved and authentic. In this sense Islam is unique in that Muslims read the Quran in the original Arabic language as it was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. All the Hadith (sayings of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ) is also written in Arabic. When Muslims quote facts they often quote the original text as well as the translated text so that anyone can verify that the facts are not distorted or changed. Similarly Allah has vowed to protect the Quran. Muslims can only perform Salah by reciting verses from the original text and language of the Quran from memory. In this way there is no room for satan to corrupt the text and teachings as he has done with other religions.
Core Islamic Beliefs: Six Articles of Faith;
- The most important teaching of Islam is that Allah is ONE and has no partners and equals, Allah is Unique as taught to all the prophets to believe in Allah and not to associate partners to Allah. The very name Allah is also unique unlike the English word God that associates others with God like; God Parents, God Son, God Like etc.
قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ( 1 )
اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ ( 2 )
لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ ( 3 )
وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ ( 4 )
- Say: He is Allah, the One and Only;
- Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;
- He begetteth not, nor is He begotten;
- And there is none like unto Him.
In the above ayah (script of Quran) Allah tells the prophet Mohammad ﷺ to inform his people that “He is Allah” (he gives his name as Allah) and to inform the people “He is One”, “He is eternal and absolute and there is none like unto him”.
The English word God is not found in any of the original Jewish or Christian text. The biggest sin in Islam is to associate partners with Allah as so many generations has done with their Idols and ascribing partners to Allah and is still done today. It is said that the only sin that Allah will not forgive should the person pass away without making repentance is committing Shirk (associating partners with Allah and saying Allah has a son or an equal).
- The belief in the Angles and the unseen.
- The belief in all the prophets sent by Allah. These prophets start with Adam and include Nooh (Noah), Ebraheem (Abraham), Moosa (Moses), Isa (Jesus) and Muhammad, peace be upon them. Allah communicated his guidance through the prophets so that we are rightly guided. The message sent by each prophet was always the same that Allah is One.
- To believe in the books revealed by Allah. The books revealed are;
The scrolls of Abraheem (AS) (Abraham)
The Tawrat – given to Moosa (AS) (Moses)
The Zabur – Psalms of Dawood (AS) (David)
The Injeel – gospel of Isa (AS) (Jesus)
The Quran – Mohammad (SWA)
- Belief in Day of Judgment: The life of this world and all that is in it will come to an end on an appointed day. At that time, every person will be raised from the dead. Allah will judge each person individually, according to his faith and his good and bad deeds. Allah will show mercy and fairness in judgment. According to Islamic teachings, those who believe in Allah and perform good deeds will be eternally rewarded in Jannah (Heaven).Those who reject faith in Allah will be eternally punished in the fire of Hell.
- The belief in Destiny and Devine Decree: Allah is the Sustainer of all life, nothing happens except by His Will and with His full knowledge. This belief does not contradict the idea of free will. Allah does not force us, our choices are known to Allah beforehand because His knowledge and He is all knowing. This recognition helps the believer through difficulties and hardships.