THE WORD “GOD”

Different Religions call God by different names;

  1. Judaism – The name of God used most often in the Hebrew Bible is the Tetragrammaton YHWH (Hebrew: יהוה‎). It is frequently anglicized as Jehovah and Yahweh. The documentary hypothesis proposes that the Torah was compiled from various sources, two of which (the Jahwist and the Elohist) are named for their usual names for God (YHWH and Elohim respectively).
  2. Christianity – Contrary to most people’s believe that the original language of Jesus (PBUH (peas be unto him)) was either Greek, Hebrew or Aramaic. The main language spoken in the region where Jesus (PBUH) lived was in fact Aramaic. The New Testament of the Bible is written in Greek but speckled with Aramaic words which is proof that the original text was translated from Aramaic.  The name of God in the Old Testament most commonly used from the early scriptures was Tetragrammaton or Jehova. The English word God continues the Old English God (guþ, gudis in Gothic, gud in modern Scandinavian, God in Dutch, and Gott in modern German), which is derived from Proto-Germanic *ǥuđán. The Aramaic word for “God” is ʼĔlāhā, or Alaha as the language that Jesus spoke. The name of God in the Arabic bible is Allah.
  3. The name of God in Islam is Allah from the Arabic language. The Aramaic language was eventually taken over by Arabic. The word Allah has been used by Arabic people of different religions since pre-Islamic times. More specifically, it has been used as a term to refer to God by Muslims (both Arab and non-Arab) and Arab Christians. It is now mainly used by Muslims and Arab Christians to refer to God. It is also often, albeit not exclusively, used in this way by Bábists, Bahá’ís, Indonesian and Maltese Christians, and Mizrahi Jews. Contrary to some peoples beliefs that Allah is the God of Muhammad and not the same God of Jesus and Moses and Abraham. Allah is the only God though called by different names as mentioned above who is the creator of all creation, the God of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Mohammed (peace be on onto them all).

Meanings of Islamic abbreviations

For better understanding of certain Islamic phrases, I have included some means below.

AS – The Arabic phrase ʿalayhi as-salām (عليه السلام), which translates as “peace be upon him”

The English phrase is also given the abbreviation pbuh in writing. An extended variant of the phrase reads ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa- ala ālihi wa-sallam (Arabic: (ﷺ) “prayer of God be upon him and his family and peace”, and it is often abbreviated SAWS or PBUH in writing in an English-language context.

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